Tracking the human rights implications of the mineral boom powering the transition to a low-carbon economy.

Mining equipment.

Demand for minerals like lithium, cobalt, copper, and nickel is expanding as companies race to produce the technology needed to support the low-carbon transition, from electric vehicles to solar panels to wind turbines. But companies’ human rights due diligence isn’t keeping pace with expanding exploration, increasing the risk that the transition fuels further abuse in an already troubled sector.

By the Numbers

This tracker currently tracks information on companies mining cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel and zinc.


Total number of companies


Total number of allegations

By the Technology

Electric car charging.

Electric Vehicles

Includes case studies of human rights issues linked to lithium and cobalt mining.
Read More
Wind turbines in India

Wind Turbines

Includes case studies of human rights issues linked to copper mining.
Read More
Solar array construction

Solar Panels

Includes case studies of human rights issues linked to nickel mining.
Read More

Find a company

Find a company mining cobalt, copper, lithium, manganese, nickel or zinc to identify whether it has a human rights policy, and whether its activity mining these minerals has been linked to human rights allegations. For further details on allegations, download the full data set below.


August 2019

Learn more about the main concerns raised in the allegations recorded on the Transition Minerals Tracker, and how growing demand could exacerbate existing issues.

Southern Africa

Half of the top companies in Southern Africa producing six key minerals - lithium, copper, cobalt, manganese, nickel and zinc - have been accused of human rights abuses, from violating access to water and land rights to corruption, violence and deaths.

By Region

The below graph shows company operations by mineral and region. Note: In summer 2019, we undertook in-depth research on companies operating in Southern Africa.

Download the Data

Download the full Transition Minerals Tracker data set as a CSV file to open and further analyse in Excel.

Download CSV File